National Dishes of Africa – Part 2 of 6

With 54 recognized countries in Africa, there are a lot of National Dishes of Africa to try. Africa is the second largest and second most densely populated continent in the world.  In this article, I have chosen ten countries/regions and showcase their national and traditional dishes.
In case you missed it, check out part 1 of “National Dishes” series found here: National Dishes of Asia – Part 1 of 6

1. Botswana – Seswaa


Saswaa is a traditional meat dish of Botswana, made of beef, goat meat. It is prepared using leftover cuts or tough cuts such as legs, neck and back. The meal is typically prepared for ceremonies such as funerals, weddings and national events such as independence celebrations. The meat is boiled until tender in a pot, with “just enough salt” and pounded. It is often served with pap (maize meal) or mabele (sorghum). Wikipedia 

2. Cape Verde – Cachupa


Cachupa is a famous dish of the Cape Verde islands, West Africa. This slow cooked stew of corn (hominy), beans, cassava, sweet potato, fish or meat is often referred to as the country’s national dish. Each island also has its regional variation. Wikipedia 

3. Egypt – Kushari


Kushari is an Egyptian dish from the 19th century. The recipe is made of rice, mixed with macaroni, lentils, topped with a spiced tomato sauce and garlic vinegar. Kushari is typically garnished with chickpeas and crispy fried onions. A sprinkling of garlic juice, or garlic vinegar, and hot sauce are optional flavourings. Wikipedia

4. Ethiopia – Wat


Wat is an Ethiopian stew or curry that may be prepared with chicken, beef, lamb, a variety of vegetables, spice mixtures such as berbere and niter kibbeh (seasoned clarified butter). Traditionally Wat is eaten with injera, a spongy flatbread made from the millet-like grain known as teff. There are many types of wats with popular ones being Doro Wat and Siga Wat (śigā made with beef). Wikipedia 

5. Ghana – Fufu

Image: Jackie Mercandetti

Fufu, also called foofoo, fufuo, foufou) is a staple food typical in many countries in Africa specifically in Ghana. Fufu is using the traditional Ghanaian method of mixing and pounding separate equal portions of cassava and green plantain flour thoroughly with water. Fufu is eaten using your fingers by taking a small ball of it and then dipped into an accompanying soup or sauce. Wikipedia 

6. Madagascar – Romazava

Image: Haja Rasambainarivo

Romazava is a dish traditional to the Malagasy cuisine, consisting of meat, leafy vegetables and also Mafana Bredes (a plant where the leaves and flower buds are used). Romazava is eaten with white rice (unsalted and stewed), chilli and a rougail. Wikipedia

7. Senegal – Thieboudienne


Thieboudienne also is known as Chebu Jen, is a traditional dish from Senegal. The dish is made from fish, rice and tomato sauce and other ingredients like onions, carrots, cabbage, cassava and peanut oil. The name of the dish comes from Wolof words meaning “rice” (ceeb) and “fish” (jën). Wikipedia

8. Sierra Leone – Groundnut Stew


Groundnut Stew also called Peanut Stew is a stew very similar to groundnut soup. It has a thicker consistency and is a staple food in Western Africa. Peanut paste is sometimes used as an ingredient. Groundnut stew may have the addition of meat, such as chicken, and vegetables. In Ghana, groundnut stew is often accompanied with fufu (#5 in this list). Wikipedia

9. South Africa – Bobotie


Bobotie is a favourite in South African cuisine, consisting of spiced minced meat topped with an egg mixture and then baked. Bobotie is usually made with beef, lamb or pork, with pork providing more moisture to the dish. Earlier recipes of Bobotie incorporated ginger, marjoram and lemon rind. Curry powder was later introduced making the flavours of the recipe more simplified. Wikipedia

10. Sudan – Ful Medames


Ful Medames (fūl midammis) is a dish cooked with fava beans as the main ingredient. Ful Medames is served with vegetable oil, cumin, with optional parts of chopped parsley, garlic, onion, lemon juice, chilli pepper, other vegetables and herb and spice ingredients. It is notably a staple food in Egypt, especially in the northern cities of Cairo and Gizah. Wikipedia

In the next article, I will be covering a few more Country’s National Dishes from a different continent. If you like to see more dishes from the continent of Africa, leave me a comment down below.


Descriptions of dishes: Wikipedia

Pictures: Sources credited on image caption

Featured Image: Firkin

People see me as a thinker and I love solving puzzles. It’s my instinct to reverse engineer almost everything that I come in contact with. So if you need another mind to look at something, that’s me!

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